<!-- BEGIN ASAVA SOCIAL SLIDER --> <!-- script facebook--> <div id="fb-root"></div> <script>(function(d, s, id) { var js, fjs = d.getElementsByTagName(s)[0]; if (d.getElementById(id)) return; js = d.createElement(s); js.id = id; js.src = 'https://connect.facebook.net/en_GB/sdk.js#xfbml=1&version=v3.0'; fjs.parentNode.insertBefore(js, fjs); }(document, 'script', 'facebook-jssdk'));</script> <div class="imm-social-slider custom-imm" style="display: none;"> <div class="social-list"> <div class="list-img img-link link-facebook" target="content-facebok"> <i class="fab fa-facebook" aria-hidden="true"></i> </div> <!-- <div class="list-img img-link link-twitter" target="content-twitter"> <i class="fab fa-google-plus" aria-hidden="true"></i> </div> --> <div class="list-img img-link link-googleplus" target="content-googleplus"> <i class="fab fa-google" aria-hidden="true"></i> </div> <!-- <div class="list-img img-link link-youtube" target="content-youtube"> <i class="fab fa-instagram" aria-hidden="true"></i> </div> --> <div class="list-img img-link link-instagram" target="content-instagram"> <i class="fab fa-instagram" aria-hidden="true"></i> </div> <!-- <div class="list-img img-link link-mail" target="content-email"> <i class="fa fa-envelope" aria-hidden="true"></i> </div> --> </div><!-- social list end --> <div class="social-content"> <div class="social-content-wrap content-facebok"> <div class="fb-page" data-href="https://www.facebook.com/scubajunctiondiving/" data-tabs="timeline" data-width="350" data-small-header="false" data-adapt-container-width="true" data-hide-cover="false" data-show-facepile="true"><blockquote cite="https://www.facebook.com/scubajunctiondiving/" class="fb-xfbml-parse-ignore"><a href="https://www.facebook.com/scubajunctiondiving/">Scuba Junction Diving Co. Ltd</a></blockquote></div> </div> <div class="social-content-wrap content-googleplus"> <div id="gpr_widget_custom_imm"> <div class="gpr-widget-inner gpr-minimal-light-style"> <div class="gpr-business-header gpr-clearfix"> <div class="gpr-business-avatar lazyload" data-bg="http://www.scubajunctiondiving.com/templates/rt_supra/immFolder/img/google-review-image.jpg"></div> <div class="gpr-header-content-wrap gpr-clearfix"> <span class="gpr-business-name"><a href="https://maps.google.com/?cid=11150733733844403765" title="Scuba Junction" ><span>Scuba Junction</span></a></span> <div class="star-rating-wrap"><div class="star-rating-size" style="width:63.7px;"></div></div><div class="gpr-google-logo-wrap"><img class="lazyload" data-src="/templates/rt_supra/immFolder/img/google-logo-small.png" class="gpr-google-logo-header" title=" Reviewed from Google" alt="Reviewed from Google" /></div><p class="gpr-rating-value" ><span>4.9</span>out of 5 stars</p> </div> </div> <div class="gpr-reviews-wrap"> <div class="gpr-review gpr-review-1"> <div class="gpr-review-header gpr-clearfix"> <div class="gpr-review-avatar"> <img class="lazyload" data-src="https://lh5.googleusercontent.com/-MTKtuKD4F68/AAAAAAAAAAI/AAAAAAAAAAA/AGDgw-j9vjzgFUmVPijBu0j0nC47wyrf7Q/s128-c0x00000000-cc-rp-mo/photo.jpg?sz=100" alt="Katie Hayes" title="Katie Hayes"/> </div> <div class="gpr-review-info gpr-clearfix"> <span class="grp-reviewer-name"> <a href="https://www.google.com/maps/contrib/109116575620343547953/reviews" title="View this profile." ><span>Katie Hayes</span></a> </span> <div class="star-rating-wrap"><div class="star-rating-size" style="width:65px;"></div></div><p class="gpr-rating-value" ><span>5</span>out of 5 stars</p><span class="gpr-rating-time"> posted 1 month ago</span> </div> </div> <div class="gpr-review-content"> My husband and I decided to learn to dive whilst on our honeymoon. Well, I can honestly say this was a fantastic idea and I am so glad that we chose to do so with Scuba Junction. Scuba Junction isn’t the cheapest on the island but as far as we’re concerned you cannot put a price on safety. (And they are worth every penny!) As complete novices we started from the very beginning in a classroom format where for the first day we watched a PADI film to teach us the core essentials when it comes to diving. The lessons were then put into practise in the pool by our instructor Chips. (After an equipment orientation). Chips is a fantastic teacher!!!! As I was relatively nervous he eased my nerves and before I knew it all of my worries had gone. (And I was really enjoying it). Chips is an oracle of diving knowledge. He kept our lessons fun whilst teaching us so much. The lessons were over 4 days and were made up of 6 people: Chips - instructor Myself My husband Our new friend and fellow student And 2 training instructors for their own learning and our further support. We noticed that other (cheaper) diving schools had a high volumes of people during dives. But we felt lucky we had so much support. After practising our newly taught skills in the pool we graduated to our first ocean dive. Naturally, I became a bit nervous again as in a pool you can hold on to the side or get out of the water. But again, Chips listened, appreciated my apprehensions, calmed me down and got me through it. Again, as soon as I was in the ocean I forgot about my worries and was having a great time looking at all of the amazing fish and corals. Before I knew it I was on my final dive and filled with excitement. Initially learning to dive was something my husband wanted to do. But now I can hand on heart say how pleased I am that I joined him in learning. We can now explore the ocean together (up to 18m) and say it is the first achievement we did as a married couple. Without the patience, knowledge and support of Chips I would have given up. But he gave me the reassurances I needed, stayed with me during the dives (so I felt comfortable at all times) and by the end of it I felt really confident. Thank you to all the team at Scuba Junction. We really enjoyed our time with you all. (Not a bad little spot to learn at either) </div> </div><!--/.gpr-review --> <div class="gpr-review gpr-review-2"> <div class="gpr-review-header gpr-clearfix"> <div class="gpr-review-avatar"> <img class="lazyload" data-src="https://lh4.googleusercontent.com/-7KRN5CMFq2Y/AAAAAAAAAAI/AAAAAAAAAAA/AGDgw-gOQM5bEsxktZL38jBXMtF7zKCMKg/s128-c0x00000000-cc-rp-mo/photo.jpg?sz=100" alt="Chris Bashall" title="Chris Bashall"/> </div> <div class="gpr-review-info gpr-clearfix"> <span class="grp-reviewer-name"> <a href="https://www.google.com/maps/contrib/116254037122345063162/reviews" title="View this profile." ><span>Chris Bashall</span></a> </span> <div class="star-rating-wrap"><div class="star-rating-size" style="width:65px;"></div></div><p class="gpr-rating-value" ><span>5</span>out of 5 stars</p><span class="gpr-rating-time"> posted 4 months ago</span> </div> </div> <div class="gpr-review-content"> Absolutely amazing dive shop. Heaps of fun on the dives and they treat you like a friend. We had a bad experience at another dive shop so we appreciated how honest they were with us rather than just try and take our money. All the instructors and dive masters are fun people who are happy to spend time with you after the dive to go through dive books or have a beer with you. They are a little bit more expensive than other shops but to spend $10 more and actually enjoy a dive that is safe and fun is definitely worth it and will be coming back here next Thailand trip </div> </div><!--/.gpr-review --> <div class="gpr-review gpr-review-3"> <div class="gpr-review-header gpr-clearfix"> <div class="gpr-review-avatar"> <img class="lazyload" data-src="https://lh3.googleusercontent.com/-BfH0itlp6TY/AAAAAAAAAAI/AAAAAAAAvOk/c0wn5IhycZA/s128-c0x00000000-cc-rp-mo-ba3/photo.jpg?sz=100" alt="Amy Kim" title="Amy Kim"/> </div> <div class="gpr-review-info gpr-clearfix"> <span class="grp-reviewer-name"> <a href="https://www.google.com/maps/contrib/105508074603802507645/reviews" title="View this profile." ><span>Amy Kim</span></a> </span> <div class="star-rating-wrap"><div class="star-rating-size" style="width:65px;"></div></div><p class="gpr-rating-value" ><span>5</span>out of 5 stars</p><span class="gpr-rating-time"> posted 1 month ago</span> </div> </div> <div class="gpr-review-content"> My friend and I had the best experience getting open water certified with Scuba Junction. All of the staff (instructors, admin support, boat crew, dive masters) were extremely friendly and helpful. We received our instruction with Natalie and did two additional dives with Rob afterwards, and both were absolutely fantastic. I felt safe and relaxed throughout the whole time. They had small classes and really great quality gear. It was such a memorable experience and I would not hesitate to recommend Scuba Junction to anyone who wants to learn or go diving in Koh Tao. 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Favourite restaurant:Barracuda.

 
One of the best restaurants on Koh Tao, located in Siaree village near to the Queens Cabaret show! This restaurant can be full most nights but there is another located in the new walking street. It is best to pre book to avoid dissapointment. Their menu is large with a choice of barracuda dishes as well as lamb shank, steaks, ribs and seafood or meat platters. A must try for anyone eating here is definitely the barracuda which can be fried with shrimp,baked in Parma ham or beer battered with home style chips and mushy peas on top. This is my personal favourite.If you happen to call into the dive centre then ask any member of staff to show you where the restaurant's are located.
 
 


Respecting Thai Culture while on Holiday

It takes five minutes to check the local customs and manners before you travel, and it makes a huge difference to how you are perceived. We are huge proponents of being responsible under water- and that can extend to your behaviour on land too!

Here are three things to bear in mind while enjoying your stay in Thailand-

Nudity is not allowed and it is rude to walk around in a bikini (or shirtless, if you're male); the exception of course, is on the beach. While it is very hot, cover up with a loose vest and shorts to avoid offending the locals when walking in town.

It is also disrespectful to touch things or point with your feet, and they are considered the dirtiest part of the body. Don't rest your feet on chairs, don't face your bare soles to people, and don't move other people's belongings with your feet.

Another thing to bear in mind is that the King is universally adored and revered in this country. To speak out against him is actually illegal, and will at the very least upset any Thais around you. Similarly, any images or statues of Buddha are sacred, and need to be treated as such.

 


"Why is the sea salty"

Yesterday a student completing a swim test mentioned to me 'the sea is so salty here' - a silly statement you may think, however it got me thinking - yes, we all know the sea is salty, but exactly why is the sea salty and why can it be more salty in some places than others? Well, here is the definitive answer as explained by the BBC. That's a lot of Salt!

Most of our planet’s surface is covered in water – salt water. The oceans that support so much of Earth’s life are around 3.5% sodium chloride – 50 million billion tonnes of salt.
But where does it come from? While some of it comes from volcanic vents or rocks on the seabed, most of it is actually from the land around us. Every time it rains, tiny amounts of mineral salts are washed into rivers, which eventually flow into the sea.
The salt in rivers is less than 1/200th the amount usually found in seawater. It becomes more concentrated in the ocean, as the Sun’s heat causes water from the surface to evaporate, leaving the salt behind. Extra salt added every year from rivers is balanced by salt which returns to the sea floor.
But salinity isn’t the same everywhere. Towards the poles, water is not as salty because it’s diluted by melting ice, while the extra heat in the tropics makes water there saltier – and denser. And that can affect how nutrients flow around the oceans.

 

Coolest aquatic life.

 
I all ways get ask what the coolest things i have seen under water.
Well here is one.
 
Peacock mantis shrimp. these beautiful crustaceans are ferocious undersea predators that hunt with clubbed forelimbs, walloping their quarry with one of the strongest pound-for-pound punches on the planet.
               
The mantis shrimp can punch with the speed of a .22 caliber bullet strong enough to break the shells of its prey, as well as aquarium glass.
 
When a mantis shrimp hits its target, the velocity causes water to vaporize, then implode with a sharp bang, extremely high heat, and a flash of light   all of which is felt by the prey animal as an additional blow. 
   
When the striking limb of a mantis shrimp is not in use, it lies folded under the animal’s body, compressing a saddle-shaped spring that drives the animals stupendous strikes.
 
Some species of mantis shrimp wield spear like limbs that can impale their targets, instead of club-like limbs for bashing them. 
 
Their super-strong punches aren’t the only notable thing about the mantis shrimp. The animal’s eyes can see a huge variety of light wavelengths, including those in the ultraviolet spectrum.
 
 


Cuttlefish facts

Cuttlefish are actually not fish but molluscs belonging to the order Sepiida and class Cephalopoda, which also includes squid, octopodes, and nautiluses.

Males have four pairs of legs, whilst females have three pairs. They also have two tentacles, with suckers, for catching prey.

Cuttlefish have three hearts and blue/green blood.

Cuttlefish spawn only once in a lifetime.

They have “W” shaped pupils, can’t see colour but can see forwards and backwards, with no blind spot.

Cuttlefish normally grow from 15-25cm, however the largest species (Sepia Apama) can reach 50cm.

Cuttlefish, like Octopus, release ink as a defence mechanism. This ink was formerly used as a dye, hence the name Sepia.

They live for approximately 1-2 years and inhabit mostly shallow tropical/temperate ocean waters.

The Cuttlefish ‘bone‘ is what controls their buoyancy.


Food

Generally Cuttlefish eat fish, shrimp, crabs, worms, molluscs but will also eat other Cuttlefish. They in turn are preyed upon by fish, seabirds, sharks, seals, dolphins and of course, Cuttlefish.

Intelligence

Cuttlefish have one of the largest brain to body size ratios and are thought of as amongst the most intelligent invertebrates. Cuttlefish cannot see colour but have highly sophisticated eyes, which are thought to give them sight even whilst in the womb. They are thought to learn their preferred prey in this way before they are even hatched.
Despite the fact Cuttlefish are colourblind, they are able to change their colour at will to match their surroundings.

Mating

Cuttlefish ratios mean there are usually 4-5 males for every female, which is a recipe for war. Males will either fight but more commonly trick each other, for the right to mate.
The most successful tactic is cross dressing! Males disguise themselves as females, by changing their colour, concealing their extra arms and even pretending to be holding an egg sack. The master of disguise can then sneak past the guarding male and mate with the female.
The successful male grabs the female with his tentacles, turns her face to face, then inserts a specialised tentacle into an opening near her mouth. He deposits sperm sacs there, fertilising the female, who he will guard until she lays their eggs only hours later. Check out this video of the dramatic event.
The female lays a batch of about 200 eggs and covers them with ink. After two to four months, they hatch out into perfectly formed little Cuttlefish with a yolk sac, to feed them until they make their first kill.

Threats

Cuttlefish populations are not well known, however, commercial fishermen in South Australia catch up to 71 tonnes during the mating season, both for human consumption and use as bait.
Because of their short life span and spawning only once in a lifetime, the threats of over-fishing are obvious. Currently there are no management restrictions in place to limit the numbers that can be taken but there is pressure to add the giant cuttlefish to the endangered species list.